Matei Calinescu, Five Faces of Modernity: Modernism, Avant-Garde, Decadence, Kitsch, Postmodernism. Durham: Duke University Press, 1987. 395p.

 A study of the meanings of the words as applied to the arts.

 

THE IDEA OF MODERNITY

AH
Modern Dwarfs on the Shoulders of Ancient Giants
The Problem of Time: Three Eras of Western History
It is We Who Are the Ancients
Comparing the Moderns to the Ancients
From Modern to Gothic to Romantic to Modern
The Two Modernities
Baudelaire and the Paradox of Aesthetic Modernity
Modernity, the Death of God, and Utopia
Literary and Other Modernisms
Comparing the Moderns to the Contemporaries

THE IDEA OF THE AVANT-GARDE

AH
From Modernity to the Avant-Garde
The "Avant-Garde" Metaphor in the Renaissance: A Rhetorical Figure
The Romantic "Avante-Garde": From Politics to the Politics of Culture
Some Mid-Ninettenth-Century Writers and the Avant-Garde
Two Avant-Gardes: Attractions and Repulsions
Avant Garde and Aesthetic Extremism
The Crisis of Avant-Garde's Concept in the 1960s
Avant-Garde, Dehumanization and the End of Ideology
Avant-Garde and Postmodernism
Intellectualism, Anarchism, and Stasis

THE IDEA OF DECADENCE

Versions of Decadence
From "Decadence" to "Style of Decadence"
The Decadent Euphoria
Nietzsche on "Decadence" and "Modernity"
The Concept of Decadence in Marxist Criticism
Il Decadentismo

KITSCH

Kitsch and Modernity
Kitsch, Camp, and High Art
Etymology, Contexts of Usage, and the "Law of Aesthetic Inadequacy"
Kitsch and Romanticism
Bad Taste, Ideology, and Hedonism
Some Stylistic Considerations
Kitsch and Cultural Industrialization
The "Kitsch-Man"

ON POSTMODERNISM (1986)

AH AH
A New Face of Modernity
Epistemology and Hermeneutics: From Modernity to Postmodernity
The Silence of the Avant-Garde
The Novelty of the Past: The View from Architecture
Critiques of Postmodernism
Literary Postmodernism: The Shaping of a Corpus
Postmodernist Devices and Their Significance
Conclusion
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