Matei Calinescu, Five Faces of Modernity: Modernism,
Avant-Garde, Decadence, Kitsch,
Postmodernism. Durham: Duke University Press, 1987. 395p.
BAUDELAIRE AND THE PARADOX OF AESTHETIC MODERNITY
Baudelaire saw romanticism as the most contemporary
expression of beauty
Beauty is only the promise of happiness.
Modernity cannot be compared to the past because what has
survived from the past is only
a variety of successive modernities.
Romanticism is a conception analogous to the morality of the
To speak of romanticisms is to speak of modern art -
intimacy, spirituality, color, aspiration
toward the infinite
Romanticism is substantially different from everything htat
has been done in the past -
search for novelty
Modernity is the transitory, the fugitive, the contingent.
There is not link between them so no comparison is possible
and an artist cannot learn from
Art ought to be modern
Nietzsche, History is an enemy of life.
Conflict between modernity and history - Baudelaire saw two
beauties - eternal and modern
Beauty is something ardent and sad, a little vague, conveys a
sense of strangeness, of
mysterny.. And finally a sense of unhappiness. 
Modernity is a spiritual adventure exploring the forbidden realm
Modernity is a work of the imagination, antirealism
Artist's alienated from society.
About Edgar Poe (1852), Poe lamented lack of aristocracy in
America, without it cult of
Beautiful becomes corrupt
America as paradigm of bourgeois modernity.
Modern democracy as in America is triumph of the most natural
and worst in man S
Baudelaire and science
Poetry and mathematics inherently related
fascinated with urban modernity
Opposed not to civilization but to new wave of barbarism
disguised as progressive
THE IDEA OF MODERNITY
Modern Dwarfs on the Shoulders of Ancient Giants
The Problem of Time: Three Eras of Western History
It is We Who Are the Ancients
Comparing the Moderns to the Ancients
From Modern to Gothic to Romantic to Modern
The Two Modernities
Baudelaire and the Paradox of Aesthetic Modernity
Modernity, the Death of God, and Utopia
Literary and Other Modernisms
Comparing the Moderns to the Contemporaries
Links and Abbreviations (links are abbreviated by using the initials)