Matei Calinescu, Five Faces of Modernity: Modernism, Avant-Garde, Decadence, Kitsch, Postmodernism. Durham: Duke University Press, 1987. 395p.

MODERNITY, THE DEATH OF GOD AND UTOPIA

3. Romantic period Late eighteenth-century religious revival in literature
cult of originality and imagination = reaction against dry intellectualism
enlargement of modernity's concept to cover the whole romantic
Identiy modern genius with the genius of Christianity
fatalistic historicism stressing total discontinuity betweencultural cycles.
Consciousness of living toward the end of the Christian cycle [61] S
Modernity is an "exclusively Western concept - possible only with conception of irreversible time [61] S
Death of God is a romantic theme 4. From middle of nineteenth-century - reaffirms the death of God - explores consequences of God's unthinkable yet already banal demise.

THE IDEA OF MODERNITY

Modern Dwarfs on the Shoulders of Ancient Giants
The Problem of Time: Three Eras of Western History
It is We Who Are the Ancients
Comparing the Moderns to the Ancients
From Modern to Gothic to Romantic to Modern
The Two Modernities
Baudelaire and the Paradox of Aesthetic Modernity
Modernity, the Death of God, and Utopia
Literary and Other Modernisms
Comparing the Moderns to the Contemporaries

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