Matei Calinescu, Five Faces of Modernity: Modernism, Avant-Garde, Decadence, Kitsch, Postmodernism. Durham: Duke University Press, 1987. 395p.

THE IDEA OF DECADENCE

The Concept of Decadence in Marxist Criticism (195)

1963 Sartre dissented from rigid views on decadentism of Soviet critics (about Proust, Joyce, and Kafka) Marx and Engels didn't discuss artistic decadence First Marxist to propose a fully articulated theory of artistic decadence was a Russian, Plekhanov (198-99) From 1930s to 60s Soviet theory of bourgeois cultural decadence (identified together: decadentism, modernism, and avant-garde)
English Marxist Caudwell, 1938 and 1949 mid-1960s deStalinization caused reexamination of Soviet dogma of decadence - Fischer, humanist Marxism in 60s (204) Marxist state needed simple, easily identifiable notions to use for propaganda - raeson for crude and cliche-ridden critique of decadence
Spengler and other right-wing philosophical explanations of Western decline (298) taken as challenge by Marxist thinkers S

THE IDEA OF DECADENCE

Versions of Decadence
From "Decadence" to "Style of Decadence"
The Decadent Euphoria
Nietzsche on "Decadence" and "Modernity"
The Concept of Decadence in Marxist Criticism
Il Decadentismo
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