Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Celastrales>Aquifoliaceae>Ilex amelanchier M.A. Curtis ex Chapman

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

Sarvis Holly is a rare endemic large shrub or small tree of the southeastern US that reaches its northern limit in southeastern North Carolina, where it is found along blackwater rivers and adjacent floodplains and in clay-based Carolina bays. In North Carolina it has been recorded in just 7 counties in the Coastal Plain.

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

The deciduous dull pale green leaves are ovate and inconspicuously toothed.

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

Easy to overlook, in leaf, Sarvis Holly resembles a tupelo (Nyssa sp.) more than serviceberry (Amelanchier sp.).

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

Leaf upperside detail. The leaves are almost entire, but you can see a few shallow teeth near the apex.

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

Leaf undersides are densely white-hairy.

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

Leaf underside detail, showing dense white hairs and reticulate veins. Young twigs and petioles are also white-hairy, but may become glabrous with age.

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

The drupes are dull pinkish red and slightly glaucous.

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

Fruits with spider web.

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

The bark of small stems is almost reddish brown.

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

The bark of larger stems is grayer and often is colonized by lichens (like other hollies).

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)

The bark of larger shrubs or trees is gray-brown with horizontally-elongated lenticels.

Robeson Co., NC 10/4/2009.

More information:
Rare Plants of Louisiana (PDF)
USDA PLANTS database
Virginia Tech Dendrology

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cwcook@duke.edu

All photographs and text ©2010 by Will Cook unless otherwise indicated.