Yellowroot (Xanthorhiza simplicissima)

Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Ranunculales>Ranunculaceae>Xanthorhiza simplicissima Marshall

Yellowroot is a fairly common small subshrub, only one to three feet tall and with one usually unbranched stem, that grows in thickets along shady streamsides.

Stokes Co., NC 6/14/09.

The pinnately compound deciduous leaves are clustered at the ends of branches.

It is most abundant in the Mountains, least common in the Coastal Plain. Unmistakable — there are no similar local shrubs and this is the only species in the genus.

Stokes Co., NC 6/14/09.

Stokes Co., NC 6/14/09.

Yellowroot (Xanthorhiza simplicissima)

Though almost always found along streamsides, this particular patch was growing near the top of the ridge at Whiteside Mountain.

Jackson Co., NC 5/14/06.

Yellowroot (Xanthorhiza simplicissima) Flower detail.

Jackson Co., NC 5/14/06.

More information:
Gardening For Wildlife
N.C. State Wetland Plants

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All photographs and text ©2010 by Will Cook unless otherwise indicated.