ClSt 283 F13

Greek History

Thuc. Outline


Students: this page contains a somewhat detailed outline of the Thuc. bk. 1, a list of "purple passages" in bks. 1-7, and a roster of some speeches in the book, and finally a very rough outline of books 2-7. Use it as you wish; download, expand, add details; print and take notes on it; whatever. This is not an assignment.

The Whole Thing

  • 1: Theory, method, run-up, background, moral, stage-set
  • 2.1-5.24: "Ten Year" or "Archidamian" war (431-421 BC)
  • 5.25-end: tentative peace (421-415)
  • 6-7: Sicilian Expedition
  • 8: Decelea

Book 1

  • Intro 1.1
  • "Archaeology" 1.2-19
    • Lack of Greek Culture (2.2)
    • Lack of Category of Thought (3)
    • Maritime Power (4-11)
      • History (4)
      • Literary Evidence (5)
      • Modern Material Culture as Evidence (5.3)
      • Topographical Evidence (7)
      • Demographics (8)
      • Economics (9)
      • Archaeology (10)
      • Cliometrics (10.3)
      • Logistics (11)
    • Development (12-19)
      • Peace (12)
      • Politics (13)
      • Navies (13.2)
      • Constraints (16)
      • Sparta and Athens (18)
      • War as an Agent of Development (18.2)
      • Governance and Control (19)
  • Methodology 1.20-23
    • Source Criticism (20)
      • Poets and Chroniclers (21)
    • Speeches (22)
      • Memory (22)
      • Logic (22)
      • Partisanship (22.2-3)
    • Appeal (22.4)
    • Comparative Approach: This War and Others (23)
      • Duration (23)
      • Destruction (23.3)
      • Banishing and Blood (23.2)
      • Natural Disasters (23.3)
    • Causation (23.4-6)
      • Proximate (23.5)
      • Ultimate (23.6)
  • Epidamnus affair
    • Trouble in the Ionian Gulf 1.24-30
    • Debate at Athens 1.31-45
      • Speech of Corcyraeans: 1.32-36
      • Speech of Corinthians: 1.37-43
    • Battle at Corcyra 1.46-55
    • Revolt in Chalcidice 1.56-65
    • Greece 1.66
    • Speeches at Sparta 1.67-88
      • Corinthian Speech 1.68-71
      • Athenian Speech 1.73-78
      • Archidamus' Speech 1.80-85
      • Sthenelaidas' Speech 1.86
  • "Pentekontaetia" (the "50-year period" between the Persian and Peloponnesian Was) 1.89-118
  • Meeting at Sparta 1.119-125
    • Corinthian Speech 1.120-124
  • Paired Episodes
    1. Spartans order Athenians to drive out curse 1.126-127
    2. Athenians order Spartans to drive out curse 1.128


    1. Pausanias in trouble 1.128-134
    2. Themistocles in trouble 1.135-138

    1. Spartan Ultimatum 1.139
    2. Pericles' Speech 1.140-144
  • End 145-146

Purple Passages in Thuc. 1-7

  • Book 1
    • All
  • Book 2
    • Chronology 2.1
    • Plataea2.2-6
    • Preparations 2.7-24
      • Archidamus
      • Pericles
    • Athens
      • Funeral Oration 2.34-46
      • Plague 2.47-54
      • Panic and Pericles 2.59-65
    • Plataea 2.71-78
  • Book 3
    • Mytilene 3.2-50
    • Plataea 3.20-24
    • Debate at Athens over Mytilene and aftermath 3.35-50
    • Surrender of Plataea 3.52-68
    • Evils of Stasis 3.81-84
  • Book 4
    • Pylos 4.3-4.41
    • Corcyra 4.46-48
    • Struggle for Delium 4.90-101
    • Armistice 4.117-119
  • Book 5
    • Deaths at Amphipolis 5.6-11
    • Treaty and Alliance 5.14-24
    • Peace of Nicias = End of the War 5.25-26
    • Alcibiades at Athens 5.42-48
    • Spartan relations with Argos 5.76-83
    • Melian Dialogue 5.85-116
  • Books 6-7
    • All

Some Speeches in Thuc.

  • Book 1
    • at Athens
      • Corcyrans 1.32-36
      • Corinthians 1.37-43
    • at Sparta
      • Corinthians 1.68-71
      • Athenians 1.73-78
      • Archidamus 1.80-85
      • Sthenelaidas 1.86
    • at Sparta
      • Corinthians 1.120-124
    • at Athens
      • Pericles 1.140-144
  • Book 2
    • at Isthmus
      • Archidamus 2.11
    • at Athens
      • Pericles' funeral oration 2.35-46
      • Pericles' speech after the plague 2.60-64
  • Book 3
    • at Olympia
      • Mytilenians 3.9-14
    • at Athens
      • Cleon 3.37-41
      • Diodotus 3.42- 48
    • at Plataea
      • Plataeans 3.53-59
      • Thebans 3.61-67
  • Book 4
    • at Athens
      • Spartans 4.17-4.20
    • at Gela
      • Hermocrates 4.59-65
  • Book 6
    • at Athens
      • Nicias 6.9-14
      • Alcibiades 6.16-18
      • Nicias again 6.20-23
    • at Syracuse
      • Hermocrates 6.33-34
      • Athenagoras 6.36-40
      • Syracusan General 6.41
    • at Camarina
      • Hermocrates 7.76-80
      • Euphemus 6.82-87
    • at Sparta
      • Alcibiades 6.89-92

Rough Outline of Thuc. 2-7

Start Year One: 431 BOOK 2
  • Start and Date (2.1)
  • Raid on Plataea (2.2)
  • Preparations on Both Sides (2.7)
    • ClimateDispositions (2.9)
      • Sparta
      • Athens
    • Isthmus (2.10)
      • Speech of Archidamus (2.11)
    • Attica (2.12)
      • Indirect Speech of Pericles (2.13)
        • Preparations
        • Resources
      • Conditions (2.14-18)
      • Peloponnesians come and go (2.18-24)
  • Athens Maneuvers on the Sea
    • Peloponnese (2.25)
    • Locris (2.26)
    • Aegina (2.27)
    • Greece (2.28)
    • Thrace (2.29)
    • Acarnania, Cephallenia (2.30)
    • Megara (2.31
    • Opuntian Locris (2.32)
  • Corinth Maneuvers against Acarnania (2.33)
    • Acarnania
  • Athens
    • Funeral Oration (2.35-46)
      • Intro
      • Laws (2.37)
      • Civic infrastructure (2.38)
      • Military (2.39)
      • Cultural traits (2.40)
      • Oikoi (2.44)
Start Year Two: 430
  • Athens continued
    • Plague (2.47)
  • Athenian Problems Abroad (2.55)
    • Peloponnese (2.56)
    • Attica (2.57)
    • Potidaea (2.58)
  • Athenian Problems at Home (2.59)
    • Pericles’ Speech (2.60)
    • Pericles’ ‘eulogy’ (2.65)
  • Athens Abroad
    • Zacynthus (2.66)
    • Thrace (2.67)
    • Naupactus (2.69)
    • Caria, Lycia
    • Potidaea (2.70)
Start Year Three: 429
  • Plataea (2.71)
    • Plataean Messenger (2.72)
    • Archidamus’ Response (2.72)
    • Archidamus’ Second Response
    • Athenians’ Response (2.73)
    • Archidamus’ Prayer (2.74)
  • Chalcidice (2.79)
  • Operations in the Crisaean Gulf
    • Acarnania (2.80)
    • Off Patrae (2.82)
    • Cyllene (2.84)
    • Achaean Rhium (2.86)
      • Speech of Cnemus and Brasidas (2.87)
    • Mulycrian Rhium (2.88)
      • Speech of Phormio (2.89)
    • Naupactus (2.90)
  • At Home
    • Megara, Piraeus (2.93)
  • North
    • Thrace (2.95)
    • Macedonia (2.100)
  • Acarnania (2.102)
  • Athens (2.103)
Start Year Four: 428

BOOK 3

  • Mytilene with Impurities
    • Attica (3.1)
    • Lesbos / Mytilene (3.2)
    • Peloponnese (3.7)
    • Mytileneian Claims Heard at Olympia (3.8)
      • Mytilenian Speech (3.9-14)
    • Some engagement (3.15)
  • Plataea (3.20)
  • Mytilene (3.25-35)
Start Year Five: 427
    • Mytilene continued (3.26)
    • Speech of Teutiaplus (3.30)
  • Debate at Athens over Mytilene (3.36)
    • Speech of Cleon (3.37)
    • Speech of Diodotus (3.42)
    • Outcome (3.49)
    • Megara-Minoa (3.51)
  • Surrender of Plataea (3.52)
    • Speech of Plataeans (3.53)
    • Speech of Thebans (3.61)
  • Peloponnese (3.69)
  • Oligarchs Revolt at Corcyra (3.70)
    • The Evils of Stasis (3.82)
  • Athens in Sicily
    • Athens Engages in Sicily (3.86)
    • Plague hits Athens again (3.87)
    • Athens Engages in Sicily (3.88)
Start Year Six: 426
  • Sicily and elsewhere
    • Peloponnesian Invasion Halted by Earthquakes (3.89)
    • Sicily (3.90)
    • Melos-Boeotia (3.91)
    • Heraclea in Trachis (3.92)
    • Leucas (3.94)Aetolia (3.95)
    • Sicily (3.99)
    • Sparta (3.100)
    • Delphi (3.101)
    • Naupactus (3.102)
    • Sicily (3.103)
    • Delos (3.104)
    • Amphilochia (3.105-114)
    • Sicily (115)
Start Year Seven: 425

BOOK 4

  • Revolts and Invasions
    • Sicily (4.1)
    • Peloponnesus (4.2)
  • Pylos Affair (4.3)
    • Fortification
      • Meanwhile in Thrace (4.7)
    • Back at Pylos (4.8)
      • Demosthenes’ speech to the troops (4.10)
    • Engagement (4.11)
    • Armistice (4.15)
    • Debate at Athens (4.17)
      • Spartans Speak (4.17-20)
      • …and are rebuffed (4.21)
    • Blockade (4.23)
  • Sicily (4.24)
  • Worries at Athens (4.27)
  • Attack and Surrender (4.30-41)
  • Corinth (4.42)
  • Corcyra (4.46)
  • Artaxerxes dies (4.50)
  • Chios (4.51)
Start Year Eight: 424
  • Lesbos (4.52)
  • Cythera (4.53)
  • Sicily (4.58)
    • Hermocrates of Syracuse speaks (4.59-64)
    • Sicily unites (4.65)
  • Megara (4.66)
  • Lesbos/Pontus (4.75)
  • Boeotia (4.76)
  • Thrace (4.81)
  • Boeotia (4.89)
    • Delium (4.90)
    • Speech of Pagondas (4.192)
    • Hippocrates speaks to Athenians (4.95)
  • Amphipolis (4.102)
  • Athens (4.108)
  • Megara (4.109)
  • Torone (4.110)
Start Year Nine: 423
  • One-Year Armistice (4.117)
    • Terms of Armistice (4.118)
    • Ratification
  • Mostly North
    • Scione in Revolt (4.120)
    • Lyncestis (4.124)
      • Brasidas addresses the men (4.126)
    • Mende (4.129)
    • Scione (4.131)
    • Thrace (4.132)
    • Boeotia, Argos, Scione (4.133)
    • Laodicium (4.134)
    • Potidaea (4.135)
Start Year Ten: 422

BOOK 5

  • End of Truce Delos (5.1)
  • Thrace (5.2)
  • Thrace/Attica (5.3)
  • Sicily (5.4)
  • Italy (5.5)
  • Amphipolis (5.6)
    • Brasidas’ Speech (5.9)
  • Heraclea (5.12)
  • Thessaly (5.13)
  • Treaty and Alliance (5.14-22)
    • Articles of Treaty (5.18)
    • Terms of Alliance (5.23)
Start Year Eleven: 421
  • Second Introduction (5.25)
  • ...BTW Athens slaughtered all the males at Scione and sold the women and children and gave the place to the Plataeans to live in (5.32)
  • ...

Start Year Twelve: 420
  • ...Alcibiades at Athens (5.42)
  • Athenian Treaty with Argos, Mantinea, Elis (5.47)
    • Terms of Treaty
  • ...
Start Year Thirteen: 419
  • ...
Start Year Fourteen: 418
  • Spartan Peace with Argos (5.76)
    • Terms of Peace offered to Argos (5.77)
    • Terms of Treaty and Alliance between Sparta and Argos (5.79)
Start Year Fifteen: 417
  • Dium, Argos (5.82)
Start Year Sixteen: 416
  • Argos/Melos (5.84)
  • Melian Dialogue
    • Athenians (5.85)
      • Melians (5.86)
    • Athenians (5.87)
      • Melians (5.88)
    • Athenians (5.89)
      • Melians (5.90)
    • Athenians (5.91)
      • Melians (5.92)
    • Athenians (5.93)
      • Melians (5.94)
    • Athenians (5.95)
      • Melians (5.96)
    • Athenians (5.97)
      • Melians (5.98)
    • Athenians (5.99)
      • Melians (5.100)
    • Athenians (5.101)
      • Melians (5.102)
    • Athenians (5.103)
      • Melians (5.104)
    • Athenians (5.105)
      • Melians (5.106)
    • Athenians (5.107)
      • Melians (5.108)
    • Athenians (5.109)
      • Melians (5.110)
    • Athenians (5.111)
      • Melians (5.112)
    • Athenians (5.113)
    • Outcome (114-116)

BOOK 6

  • Sicily: Preliminaries
    • The Vote (6.1)
    • Settlement of Sicily (6.2)
    • Embassy to Athens (6.6)
  • Matters in Greece (6.7)
Start Year Seventeen: 415
  • Sicily: Debating War
    • Debate at Athens (6.8)
      • Nicias Speaks (6.9)
      • Alcibiades Speaks (6.16)
      • A reminder (6.19)
      • Nicias Speaks Again (6.20)
      • Decision (6.24)
    • Mutilation of Herms (6.27)
    • Muster (6.30)
    • Debate at Syracuse (6.32)
      • Hermocrates Speaks (6.33)
      • Athenagoras Speaks (6.36)
      • Syracusan General Speaks (6.41)
    • Fleet Musters and Moves (6.42)
  • Sicily: Engaging War
    • Initial Operations in Sicily (6.47-53)\
      • Three Plans of Action
        • Nicias
        • Alcibiades (6.48)
        • Lamachus (6.49)
      • First movements (6.50)
      • Alcibiades’ Recall (6.53)
    • Back at Athens
      • Harmodius and Aristogiton Historiography (6.54)
      • Anxieties at Athens (6.60)
      • Alcibiades’ Flight (6.61)
    • Further Operations in Sicily (6.62)
      • Bait and Switch (6.64)
      • Engagement and Aftermath (6.67-73)
        • Nicias Speaks (6.68)
      • Winter Maneuvers (6.74)
    • Summit at Camarina (6.75)
      • Hermocrates Speaks (6.76)
      • Euphemus Speaks (6.82)
    • Winter Maneuvers (6.88)
    • Mission to Sparta
      • Alcibiades Speaks (6.89)
  • Meanwhile at Athens (6.93)
Start Year Eighteen: 414
  • Sicily: Battle for Syracuse (6.94)
    • Meanwhile in Greece (6.95)
    • Athenians Take the High Ground (6.97)
    • Circumvallation (6.98)
    • Syracusan Attack (6.102)
    • Final Investment (6.103)
    • Gylippus Moves to Italy (6.104)
  • Meanwhile in Greece (6.105)

BOOK 7

  • Meanwhile in Greece continued
  • Sparta Lands and Starts to turn the Tide (7.1)
    • Meanwhile at Amphipolis (7.9)
  • Word Sent to Athens (7.10)
    • Nicias’ Letter to Athens (7.11)
    • Athens’ Response (7.16)
  • Operations In Greece (7.18)
Start Year Nineteen: 413
  • Sicily: Naval Disaster off Plemmyrium (7.21)
  • Operations In Greece (and Sicily) (7.26)
    • Thracian Debacle (7.27)
    • Acarnania (7.31)
    • Sicily (7.32)
    • Sicily-Italy (7.33)
    • Achaea (7.34)
    • Italy (7.35)
  • Battles at Syracuse
    • Preliminaries (7.36)
    • Demosthenes’ Arrival (7.42)
    • Debate over Withdrawal (7.46)
    • Decision to Withdraw (7.50)
    • Beginning of the end (7.51)
      • Catalog of Athenian Allies (7.57)
      • Catalog of Syracusan Allies (7.58)
    • Nicias Addresses the Troops (7.61)
    • Gylippus Addresses the Troops (7.66)
    • Disaster and Dissolution (7.69)
    • Deceit and Retreat (7.73)
    • Greatest reverse ever (7.75)
      • Nicias Speaks (7.77)
    • Surrender
      • Part 1 (7.81)
      • Part 2 (7.83)
    • Shades of Melos (7.86)
Start Year Twenty: 412
Start Year Twenty-one: 411