Peter Burian

                                                     Department of Classical Studies

                                                     Duke University

                                                     Box 90103

                                                     Durham, NC 27708-0103

                                                                                                          Office:233A Allen Building

                                                                                                          Tel. 919-684-2005

                                                                                                          Fax 919-681-4262



Ph.D. Princeton University, 1971

M.A. Princeton University, 1968

A.B. with high honors and high distinction in Classical Studies University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1964

Professional Experience / Employment History

   Duke University

    Professor of Classical and Comparative Literatures, Department of Classical Studies, 1996 - present

    Professor of Theater Studies, 2001 - present

    Chair, Classical Studies, Department of Classical Studies, 2003-2007

    Director of Undergraduate Studies, Department of Classical Studies, 1970-72, 1976-79, 1993-96

    Director of Graduate Studies, Department of Classical Studies, 1981-83, 1990-92

    Associate Professor, Department of Classical Studies, 1977-1996

    Assistant Professor, Department of Classical Studies, 1971-77

    Instructor, Department of Classical Studies, 1968-1971

    Chair, Program in Comparative Literature, Program in Comparative Literature, 1985-1988

    Chair, Master of Arts Program in Humanities, Master of Arts Program in Humanities, 1981-83

    Instructor in the Summer Program, Talent Identification Program, 1986-87

Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies, Rome, Italy

    Professor in Charge, 2009-10   

    Assistant Professor, 1975 - 1976

Michigan-Wisconsin-Duke Program in Florence

    Director, 2002

Venice International University

    Visiting Professor and Director, Duke University Program in Venice, 1998

Dartmouth College

    Visiting Professor, Department of Classics, 1989

Vergilian Society, Italy

    Director, summer programs, 1980



Euripides, Helen. Aris and Phillips Classical Texts, Oxbow Books: Oxford, 2007. (Greek text with prose translation, introduction and commentary.)

Aeschylus, The Oresteia. Greek Tragedy in New Translations, Oxford University Press: New York, 2003. (Translation in collaboration with Alan Shapiro, with introduction and notes.) Paperback edition, 2004; reissued as Aeschylus I of the complete series, 2010.

Aeschylus, The Suppliants. Lockert Library of Poetry in Translation, Princeton University Press: Princeton, 1991. (Translation with introduction and notes.)

Aristophanes, Birds. Bryn Mawr Commentaries, Bryn Mawr, Penn, 1991. (Greek text with commentary.)

Euripides, The Phoenician Women. Greek Tragedy in New Translations, Oxford University Press: New York, (1981). (Translation in collaboration with Brian Swann, with introduction and notes.) Reissued in Euripides IV of the complete series, 2009.

   Edited Volumes

The Greek Tragedy in New Translations, complete edition in nine volumes, co-edited with Alan Shapiro, New York: Oxford University Press:

    The Complete Aeschylus: Volume I: The Oresteia, 2010; Volume II: Persians, Seven Against Thebes, Suppliants, Prometheus Bound, 2009.

    The Complete Sophocles: Volume I: The Theban Plays, 2010; Volume II: Ajax, Women of Trachis, Electra, Philoctetes, 2009.

    The Complete Euripides: Volume I: Andromache, Hecuba, Trojan Women, Rhesos, 2010; Volume II: Electra, Iphigenia in Tauris, Orestes, Iphigenia in Aulis, 2010; Volume III: Hippolytus, Children of Herakles, Suppliant Women, Ion, 2009; Volume IV: Herakles, Phoenician Women, Bacchae, 2009; Volume V: Alcestis, Medea, Helen, Cyclops, 2010.

Gerald F. Else. Plato and Aristotle on Poetry, edited with Introduction, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.

Directions in Euripidean Criticism: A Collection of Essays, edited with a Selected Bibliography of Euripidean Criticism Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1985.

   Articles and Chapters

Athenian Tragedy as Democratic Discourse.” Why Athens: A Reappraisal of Tragic Politics. Edited by D. M. Carter. Oxford: Oxford University Press, (2011) 95-117.

“Aeschylus.” The Classical Tradition. Edited by A. Grafton, G. W. Most, and S. Settis. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, (2010) 10-11.

“Euripides’ Helen.” Euripides V, Greek Tragedy in New Translations. New York: Oxford University Press, (2010) 225-391. (Verse translation with introduction and commentary.)

“Euripides.” The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome. Edited by Michael Gagarin and Elaine Fantham. New York: Oxford University Press, (2010) vol. 3, 129-41.

“Gender and the City: Antigone from Hegel to Butler and Back.” When Worlds Elide. Edited by J. Peter Euben and Karen Bassi. Lanham MD: Lexington Books, (2010) 255-299.

“Inconclusive Conclusion: The Ending(s) of the Oedipus Tyrannus.” Sophocles and the Tragic Tradition. Edited by E. Hall and S. Goldhill. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (2009) 99-118.

“City, Farewell! Genos, Polis and Gender in Aeschylus’s Seven Against Thebes and Euripides’ Phoenician Women.” Tragedy and Sexual Difference. Edited by Denise McCoskey and Emily Zakin. Albany: SUNY Press, (2009) 16-45.

“Introduction, Notes and Glossary,” for Alan Shapiro’s translation of Euripides’ Trojan Women, Greek Tragedy in New Translations. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008; reissued in Euripides I of the complete series, 2010.

“Parola di donna? La voce di Lisistrata e la fantasia comica.” Atti del convegno di studi “Comicità e riso nella commedia antica,” Cagliari 2005. Edited by P. Mureddu and G. F. Nieddu. Supplementi di Lexis 42, Amsterdam: Adolf M. Hakkert, (2007) 131-41.

“Biologia, democrazia e donne nelle Eumenidi di Eschilo.” Lexis, vol. 24 (2006) 45-57.

“Sepulchers,” a translation of Ugo Foscolo, “Carme dei Sepolcri” with brief introduction and notes. Literary Imagination, vol. 4 (2002) 17-30.

“Voce di donna: Le Troiane nella guerra del Peloponneso.” Evento, racconto, scrittura nell’antichità classica. Edited by A. Casanova and P. Desideri. Studi e testi 23, Florence: Università degli studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di scienze dell’ antichità “Giorgio Pasquali” (2002) 35-52.

“Aeschylus: Oresteia, Persians, Prometheus Bound, Seven Against Thebes, and Suppliants.” Encyclopedia of Literary Translation. Edited by O. Classe.  London: Fitzroy Dearborn (2000) 7-16 .

“Gilbert Murray as Literary Translator.” Encyclopedia of Literary Translation. Edited by O. Classe.  London: Fitzroy Dearborn (2000) 981-83.

“Translation, the Profession, and the Poets.” American Journal of Philology, vol. 121 (2000) 299-307.

“Notes and Commentary” to William Arrowsmith’s posthumously published lecture, “Euripides and the Dramaturgy of Crisis.” Literary Imagination, vol. 1 (1999) 227-35.

“ ‘You can build a heavy-beamed poem out of this’: Derek Walcott’s Odyssey.” Classical World, vol. 93 (1999) 71-81.

“ ‘All that Greek manure under the green bananas’: Derek Walcott’s Odyssey.” South Atlantic Quarterly, vol. 96 (1997) 359-77.

“Myth into Muthos: the Shaping of Tragic Plot.” The Cambridge Companion to Greek Tragedy. Edited by P.E. Easterling.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 178-208. Reprinted in Greek Drama, edited by Harold Bloom, New York: Chelsea House (2004) 328-59.

“Tragedy Adapted for Stages and Screens: the Renaissance to the Present.” The Cambridge Companion to Greek Tragedy. Edited by P.E. Easterling.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1997) 228-83.

“Introduction, Notes and Glossary,” for Euripides’ Ion, translated by W. S. Di Piero, Greek Tragedy in New Translations. Oxford University Press, New York, 1996; reissued in Euripides IV of the complete series).

“On Being a Political Animal in the Academic Zoo.” The Academic’s Handbook. Edited by A. Leigh DeNeef and Craufurd Goodwin. 2nd Edition. Durham, NC: Duke University Press (1995) 65-72.

“Zeus σωτηρ τριτος and Some Triads in Aeschylus’ Oresteia.” American Journal of Philology, vol. 107 (1986) 332-342.

“Logos and Pathos: The Politics of the Suppliant Women.” Directions in Euripidean Criticism, edited by Peter Burian. Durham, NC: Duke University Press (1985) 129-155, 212-221.

Translations of poems by Giorgio Mannacio. Poetry Now, vol. 30 (1981) 29.

Peter Burian and N. J. Richardson. “The Epigram on Apollonius of Tyana.” Greek Roman and Byzantine Studies, vol. 22 (1981) 283-285.

Peter Burian and Norman Guttman. “A Climate for Liberal Learning.” Duke Alumni Register (May-June 1980) 6-9.

Translations of poems by Giorgio Mannacio. Italian Poetry Today. Edited by Ruth Feldman and Brian Swann. St. Paul, MN: New Rivers Press, (1979) 118-119.

“Euripides’ Heraclidae: An Interpretation.” Classical Philology, vol. 72 (1977) 1-21.

“The Play before the Prologue: Initial Tableaux on the Greek Stage.” Ancient and Modern: Essays in Honor of Gerald F. Else. Ann Arbor: Center for the Coordination of Ancient and Modern Studies (1977) 79-94.

“Euripides the Contortionist.” Arion, vol. 3 (1976) 97-113; review-essay on three studies of Euripidean drama.

“Suppliant and Saviour: Oedipus at Colonus.” Phoenix, vol. 28 (1974) 408-429. Reprinted in Modern Critical Views: Sophocles, edited by Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House (1990) 77-96.

“Pelasgus and Politics in Aeschylus’ Danaid Trilogy.” Wiener Studien, vol. 8 (1974) 5-14. Reprinted in Aechylus: Oxford Readings in Classical Studies, edited by Michael Lloyd. Oxford: Oxford University Press (1977) 199-210.

“Euripides, Supplices 649ff..” Classical Review, vol. 24 (1974) 175-76.

“Supplication and Hero Cult in Sophocles’ Ajax.” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies  vol. 13, (1972) 151-156.


“Sophocles’ Polyphonic Ajax.” Blackwell Companion to Sophocles. Edited by Kirk Ormand. Wiley-Blackwell (2011).

Introduction. Reprint of A. W. Verrall, Euripides the Rationalist. Bristol Phoenix Press,  (2011).

“The Play of Orfeo,” translation with introduction and notes of Angelo Poliziano’s “Favola di Orfeo.” Literary Imagination (2011). (editor).

Editor, Blackwell Companion to Aeschylus. Wiley-Blackwell (2012).

   In Preparation

Drama and Democracy: Staging Debate in Fifth-Century Athens.  

Selected poems of Ugo Foscolo (translation with introduction and commentary).  

Co-edited with Maura High. Orpheus and Eurydice: An Anthology of Literary Interpretations of the Myth from Vergil to the Twenty-first Century.  

Various Articles: on Greek drama (Ambition, public and private, in Euripides and Aristophanes; speech as action in Euripides’ Hippolytus, on Plato (history and the Menexenus), on Greek ideas of cultural evolution, and on the classical tradition.  


Review of E. Hall, The Theatrical Cast of Athens. Journal of Hellenic Studies 129 (2009) 147-48.

 Review of M. McDonald and J. M. Walton, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Theatre. Classical Review 58 (2008) 347-50.

 Review of J. Gregory, ed., A Companion to Greek Tragedy and I. C. Storey and A. Allan, A Guide to Ancient Greek Drama. Journal of Hellenic Studies 127 (2007) 163-5.

 Review of D. Mendelsohn, Gender and the City in Euripides’ Political Plays. Classical Review 55:1 (January 2005) 26-7.

Review of John Porter, Eric Csapo, C.W. Marshall, Robert C. Ketterer, eds., Crossing the Stages: The Production, Performance and Reception of Ancient Theater (Syllecta Classica 10). Bryn Mawr Classical Review 11 (2000).

 Review of Ralf Krumeich, Nikolaus Pechstein, and Berndt Seidensticker, eds., Das griechische Satyrspiel. Bryn Mawr Classical Review 11 (2000).

Review of Sophie Mills, Theseus, Tragedy and the Athenian Empire. American Journal of Philology 121 (2000) 149-53.

 Review of Pietro Pucci, Oedipus and the Fabrication of the Father and Charles Segal, Oedipus Tyrannus: Tragic Heroism and the Limits of Knowledge. Classical Journal 91 (1995-96) 202-209.

 Review of Giulia Sissa, Greek Virginity. Journal of the History of Sexuality 2 (1992) 641-644.

 Review of Mary Whitlock Blundell, Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus. Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2 (1991) 261-262.

Review of Gilbert and Sarah Lawall, Euripides’ Hippolytus: A Companion with Translation. Classical Outlook 69 (1989-90) 70.

 Review of William M. Calder, III. (ed.), Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Selected Correspondence 1869-1931. Classical World 79 (1985) 51-52.

 Review of C. W. Macleod, ed. Homer, Iliad, Book XXIV. Classical Outlook 62 (1984-85) 69-70.

Review of W. S. Merwin and George E. Dimock, Jr., Euripides, Iphigenia at Aulis, American Journal of Philology 101 (1980) 97-98.

“Alcestis Resurrected,” review of William Arrowsmith’s translation of Euripides’ Alcestis. American Poetry Review 5 (1976) 43-45.

Awards, Honors, and Distinctions

Visiting Scholar In Classics and Comparative Literature, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2008-09

Senior Associate, King’s College, Cambridge, January-July 2003

Charles Dukes Award, Duke Alumni Association, 2001

Fellow of the Institute for the Arts and Humanities, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1988

Fellow of the Center for Hellenic Studies, Washington, D.C., 1980-81

Younger Humanist Fellow, National Endowment for the Humanities, 1972-73

Fulbright Fellow, University of Innsbruck, Austria, 1966-67

Woodrow Wilson Fellow, Princeton University, 1964-65

Phi Beta Kappa, 1964

Conferences Organized

Co-organizer, “Translatable: Creativity and Knowledge Formation Across Cultures, an interdisciplinary conference on the poetics and pragmatics of literary translation,” 2009 (Duke and UNC)

Co-director, International Conference on Archilochus, October 2004 (Paros, Greece)

Organizer, “Helen Reclaimed: Myth and Theater,” a symposium connected with the production of Euripides’ Helen, 1999 (Duke)

Co-organizer, “Greek Tragedy,” 1989 (Duke)

Organizer, “Directions in Euripidean Criticism,” 1977 (Duke)

Lectures and Papers

   Invited Lectures

“Ambition, Public and Private, in Aristophanes’ Birds and Euripides’ Phoenician

Women,” Classics Center, Oxford University, 2009.

Dramma e democrazia nel quinto secolo a.C., a cycle of six lectures given as Visiting Professor (short term), Università di Cagliari (Sardinia), 2008.

Five seminars on “Ancient and Modern Interpretation of Sophocles’ Antigone,” postgraduate seminar on Literature and Culture in the Ancient Mediterranean, Venice, 2004.

“Giving Voice to Some Greeks and Italians,” Boston University Translation Seminar, 2004.

“At the Brink of Dreadful Speech: Oedipus in Translation,” for panel “Ancient Plays of Modern Audiences,” Onassis Cultural Center, New York, 2004.

“Dramaturgy and Ideology in Aischylos’ Seven Against Thebes and Euripides’ Phoenician Women,” University of Cyprus, Nicosia, 2004.

“How to Translate Aristophanes and Other Impossibilities,” University of Cyprus, Nicosia, 2004.

“Bringing It Across: Reflections on Translating the Classics,” University of North Carolina at Asheville, 2003.

“Thirteen Ways of Looking at Antigone,” Keynote address, “Antigone’s Dilemma” conference, Miami University, Oxford Ohio, October 2003.

“Sophocles’ Antigone, and Ours,” University of North Carolina at Asheville, 2003

“Il sepellimento come atto politico: rituale e rappresentazione nella tragedia greca,” Incontro “Morte e rituali funebri nelle società antiche,” Pontignano (University of Siena), 2003.

“The Democratic Stage,” Greek Seminar, Institute for Classical Studies, London, and Graduate Literary Seminar, Cambridge, 2003.

“Debating Governance in Euripides’ Suppliants,” Seminar on Athenian Cultural Revolution, Classics Faculty, Cambridge University, 2003.

“Plato’s Menexenus: Historiography or High Jinx?,” Seminar on Athenian Cultural Revolution, Classics Faculty, Cambridge University, 2003.

“The Ending(s) of the Oedipus Tyrannus,” Haverford College and Temple University, 2002.

“Politics, Persuasion, and Justice in Aeschylus’ Oresteia,” Baylor University, 2001

“Athenian Drama as Democratic Discourse,” Keynote address, Yale Graduate Student Colloquium, New Haven, 2001.

“The Ancient Athenian Talking Democracy Blues,” Virginia Hummel Humanities Lecture, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2000.

“Eurydice in Hell: A Myth in the Mirror of Contemporary American Lyric,” invited panel on “Classics and Contemporary Literature,” Modern Languages Association annual meeting, Washington, D.C., 2000.

“Il dibattito sulla libertà della parola nell’ Atene del quinto secolo a.C.,” Università di Firenze, 1999.

“Parola e spettacolo: Sofocle (Edipo Re) ed Euripide (Ippolito e Troiane),” Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia, 1998.

“Backing into the Future: Ancient Greece and the Birth of Modernity in Italy,” Circolo Italo-Britannico, Venice, 1998.

“Democracy in Action? Drama and Free Speech in Fifth-Century Athens,” Vanderbilt University, Vassar College, University of Exeter (U. K.), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1997.

“Plato’s Menexenus : Rhetoric and History,” presentation to the NEH Summer Institute for College Teachers on Plato and the Polis, Duke University, 1994.

“Should I Stay or Should I Go? The End of the Oedipus Tyrannus,” Creighton University, 1994.

“Tragedy, Myth, and the City,” Dartmouth College, 1989.

“Greek Drama and Greek History,” seminars for high school teachers of the El Paso Independent School District, sponsored by the National Faculty, 1988.

“Tragedy as Repetition and Innovation,” Emory University, 1986.

“Forme di intertestualità sulla scena tragica greca,” Istituto di Filologia Classica, Università di Roma, 1985.

“Including the Audience: Convention, Expectation, and the Dynamics of Greek Tragedy,” University of Iowa, 1983.

“Tragic Forms and Forms of Tragedy,” Center for Hellenic Studies, Washington, D.C., 1983.

“Surprise on the Greek Tragic Stage,” University of Missouri at Columbia, 1980.

   Conference Papers:

“Dido’s Revenge: Vergil in Opera,” Symposium Cumanum of the Vergilian Society, “The Vergilian Tradition: Manuscripts, Texts and Reception,” Cuma (Naples), 2006.

“Biologia, Politica, Donne nelle Eumenidi di Eschilo,” Convegno internazionale “Eschilo e la tragedia: communicazione, ecdotica, esegesi,” Trento, 2004.

“Dramaturgie und Ideologie in Aischylos’ Sieben gegen Theben und Euripides’ Phoenissen,” Euripides conference, Regensburg, 2004.

“Fox or Hedgehog? Archilochus’ Voices in Translation,” International Archilochus Conference, Paros, 2004.

“Voce di donna: Le Troiane nella guerra del Peleponneso,” Convegno internazionale “Evento, racconto, scrittura,” Florence, 2002.

“The Athenian Theater and Free Speech” and “Democracy and Aristocracy in the Oresteia,” Landsdowne Lectures, Democracy Conference, University of Victoria, 2001.

The Inconclusive Conclusion of Oedipus Tyrannus, conference on “Teaching Sophocles” organized by Northwestern, Loyola, and the University of Chicago, Chicago, 1999.

“Oaths, Lies, and Curses: How to Do Things with Words in Euripides’ Hippolytus,” conference on Greek tragedy, Duke University, 1989.

“Apuleius and His Audience,” conference on Audiences in the Roman World, National Humanities Center, 1987.

“Poetry and the Discovery of the Self,” conference on Study of Poetic Imagination and Its Images, North Carolina State University, 1987.

“The Politics of Euripides’ Suppliants,” conference on Directions in Euripidean Criticism, Duke University, 1977.

   Papers at Professional Meetings:

“Schubert’s Greek Lyre: Epic Heroes in Romantic Lieder,” for an outreach panel on classics and music, American Philological Association annual meeting, San Antonio, 2011

“Helen in Egypt, On the Beach, and in a Black Box,” for a panel on performance of ancient drama in American colleges, Classical Association of the Middle West and South annual meeting, Minneapolis, MN, 2009.

“Translation as Reception, With and Against the Imperial Grain,” Classical Association of South Africa biennial meeting, Cape Town, 2007.

“City, Farewell! Euripides’ Phoenician Women as a Response to Aischylos and Alkibiades,” American Philological Association annual meeting, San Diego, 2007.

“Spoken Like a Woman or Spoken Like a Man? Gender and Political Speech in Lysistrata,” American Philological Association annual meeting, Montreal, 2006.

“ ‘Few of us have followed her to Egypt’: Twentieth Century Versions of the Phantom Helen,” Classical Association of the Middle West and South annual meeting, Gainesville, FL, 2006.

“To Homer Through Michael Longley,” Classical Association of the Middle West and South annual meeting, Madison, WI, 2005.

“Kilos of Cold Clinker? Reflections on Translating and Translations of Aeschylus,” American Comparative Literature Association conference, San Juan, 2002.

“Folie à deux? A Collaborative Model for the Translation of Greek Drama,” sponsored by the Three-Year Colloquium on Translation in Context,” American Philological Association annual meeting, San Diego, 2001.

“From Sepolcri to Sepulchers: Translating Foscolo,” Association of Literary Translators of America annual meeting, Raleigh, NC, 2001.

“The Politics of Burial: Mourning, Memory, and Disorder in Greek Tragedy,” American Comparative Literature Association conference, New Haven, 2000.

“ ‘The Poem as Mask’: Orpheus and Eurydice in Contemporary American Poetry,” Classical Association of the Middle West and South annual meeting, Cleveland, 1999.

“Melos or Bust: Reading the Trojan Women Historically,” American Philological Association annual meeting, 1999.

“What Makes Greek Drama Dramatic? Movement, Gesture, and Word in Greek Tragic Theater,” Association of Literary Scholars and Critics annual meeting, Toronto, Canada, 1998.

“ ‘You can build a heavy-beamed poem out of this’: Derek Walcott’s Odyssey,” American Philological Association annual meeting, Chicago, 1997.

“Myth and the Misogyny of Opera: Orpheus and Eurydice from Poliziano to Haydn,” Lyrica Society annual meeting, Tallahassee, 1996.

“Literature in Translations: Logue’s Homer in the Classroom,” Southern Section of Classical Association of the Middle West and South biennial meeting, Savannah, 1996.

Ex eleutherostomou glôssês: Debating Democracy in Athenian Tragedy,” American Philological Association annual meeting, New York, 1996.

“The Death of Orpheus on the Operatic Stage,” International Society for the Classical Tradition annual meeting, Boston, 1995.

“Who’s Pius Now?: A Painless Exercise in Deconstruction,” North Carolina Classical Association annual meeting, Winston-Salem, 1994.

“Teaching Athenaze,” panel on teaching Greek, Classical Association of the Middle West and South annual meeting, Atlanta, 1994.

“Was the Greek Cosmos an Ecosystem?” panel on Languages of Ecology, Society for Literature and Science annual meeting, Boston, 1993.

Invited response, panel on “Character in Plutarch,” American Philological Association annual meeting, Washington, D.C., 1993.

“Self-Consuming Artifact: The Agon of Euripides’ Trojan Women,” Southern Section of Classical Association of the Middle West and South biennial meeting, Richmond, 1992.

“Plato’s Menexenus and Historical Memory,” American Philological Association annual meeting, New Orleans, 1992.

“Pastoral, Parody, and Politics in Aristophanes’ Birds,” North Carolina Classical Association annual North Carolina Classical Association annual meeting, Chapel Hill, 1991.

“Poetry and Science in Classical Greece: Tragedy and the Theory of Cultural Evolution,” Society for Literature and Science annual meeting, Ann Arbor, 1989.

“Orpheus in Opera: Two Paradigms of the Creative Process,” Triennial Meeting, American Comparative Literature Association, Ann Arbor, 1986.

“The Spectator in the Script: Remarks on Mythopoesis and Intertextuality in the Ajax of Sophocles,” American Philological Association annual meeting, Philadelphia, 1982.

“Che farò senz’ Euridice: The Nature of Artistic Creativity and the Figure of Orpheus in Monteverdi and Gluck,” Classical Association of the Middle West and South annual meeting, St. Louis, 1981.

“Robert Lowell’s Classics” Classical Association of the Middle West and South annual meeting, Houston, 1978.

“The Shape of Euripides’ Phoenician Women,” Classical Association of the Middle West and South annual meeting, Iowa City, 1977.

“Zeus Sôtêr Tritos and Some Triads in Aeschylus’ Oresteia,” American Philological Association annual meeting, Atlanta, 1977.

“The Savior’s Fall: Dramatic Rhythm in Sophocles’ Oedipus Tyrannus,” Classical Association of the Middle West and South annual meeting, Cleveland, 1975.


Participant, discussion on pagans and Christians for “Soundings,” National Humanities Center, broadcast nationally, 1990.

Participant, four-part discussion on tragedy for “Soundings,” National Humanities Center, broadcast nationally, Summer 1983.

Professional Service

   Dissertations Supervised

Roscoe Davis, Andrea Deagon, Tebb Kusserow, Mike Lippman, Deborah McInnes, Akira Yatuhashi

Member of numerous dissertation committees in Classical Studies (Duke and UNC), English, Literature,

              Political Science, Romance Languages (UNC)


   University Committees/Service

Academic Council, member, numerous terms; Executive Committee, two terms

Academic Council, Chair, 2000-2002 (entailed chairing ECAC, membership on APC, PACOR, Faculty Compensation Committee, Trustee Screening Committee, and various ad hoc committees)

Academic Council Chair Nominating Committee, Chair, 2004 - 2005

Academic Council, Vice Chair and Acting Chair, 1990

Amnesty International chapter, Faculty Advisor, 1994 - present

Center for Late Ancient Studies, chair, 1995-6, member, 1990-present

Faculty Advisory Committee, Kenan Institute for Ethics, member, 2006-09

Duke Alumni Association, Lecturer, Duke Alumni Association. Numerous Alumni Educational   Travel Programs, 1992-present

NC Beta chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, President, 1999-2000

Duke Alumni Association Board, member, 1994-2000

Pegram House, Faculty Associate, 1999-2000

Diversity Initiative, Faculty Associate, 1997-98

Clocktower Quad, Faculty Associate, 1995-96

Alspaugh Dormitory, Faculty in Residence, 1986-88

Committee to Review the Vice-President for Student Affairs, Chair

Undergraduate Council of Arts and Sciences, member

Executive Committees of the Graduate School, member

Advisory Committee of Master of Arts in Liberal Studies, member

Committee for the Establishment of a Master of Arts Program in Liberal Studies, Chair

East Campus Facilities Enhancement Committee, Chair

Task Force on the Intellectual Climate at Duke, Chair

NC Beta chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, President, 1999-2000

Board of the Duke Alumni Association, Member, 1994-2000

Steering Committee of Late Ancient Studies Forum (member 1990-present), Convener 1995-96

Numerous Committees, Member, including:

Committee on the Establishment of the Graduate Program in Literature, Provost Review Committee, Search Committee for the Vice President for Student Affairs, Policy Implementation Committee on South African Divestment, Faculty Compensation Committee, Alcohol Policy Review Committee, Board of Trustees Building and Grounds Committee, Board of Trustees Student Affairs Committee, Strategic Planning Committee, Academic Priorities Committee, President’s Advisory Committee on Resources, Trustee Screening Committee, University Priorities Committee, Transcultural Education Committee, Keohane Professorship Committee, University Judicial Board

Provost’s Special Committee on Undergraduate Education, Executive Secretary, 1990

   Departmental Committees/Service

Chair of department, 2003-2007

Director of Undergraduate and Graduate Studies for a total of five terms, 1970 - 1996

Chair and member of numerous departmental committees, 1971-present

Chair or member of tenure and promotion committees in Classical Studies, Art and Art History, Music, and Theater Studies

   Service to the Profession

Nomination Committee, American Philological Association, member, 2007-2010, co-chair


Program Committee, American Philological Association, Member, 2002-2005

Committee on Gildersleeve Prize, American Journal of Philology, Member 2005-6, Chair 2007

Editorial Board, American Journal of Philology, Member, 1995-2000

Getty Museum Outdoor Theater, Advisor on performance of ancient drama, 2004


For scholarly journals: American Journal of Philology, Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies, Classical Philology, Classical Journal, Classical World

     For Fellowship Programs: NEH and ACL

     For University Presses, Referee for Oxford, Harvard, Princeton, Michigan, Texas, Iowa, Duke, Wisconsin

   Other Service

Carolina Justice Policy Center, Member of the Board, 1993 – present; Board President, 1995-1998

Friends of the Duke Library, Member of the board, 1990 - 1995

Duke/Durham chapter of Amnesty International, Coordinator, 1985 – 1988; faculty advisor to Duke student chapter, 1995-present

Chamber Arts Society, Member of the board, 1973-80, Interim Director, 1973-1974

Courses Taught



Elementary Greek

Intensive Elementary Greek

Intermediate Greek

Homer, Iliad

Homer, Odyssey and Greek lyric

Greek Comedy
Greek Tragedy
Greek Orators

Greek Historians


Prose Composition
Pre-Socratic Philosophy
Early Dialogues of Plato

Plato’s Aesthetics


Sophocles’ Theban Plays

Aeschylus’ Oresteia

Menander and new comedy


Aeschylus’ Eumenides

Euripides’ Suppliants

Euripides’ Helen

The Matter of Thebes in Greek Tragedy

Greek Comedy

“Peace Plays” of Aristophanes



Intermediate Latin (Cicero)

Vergil, Aeneid

Sight Reading


Horace, Odes

Classical Studies


Survey of Greek Literature

Survey of Latin Literature

Ancient and Medieval Epic

Drama of Greece and Rome

The Classical Tradition

Antiquity and the Making of the Modern World: Florence 1300-1600 (taught in     Florence)


Ancient Comedy
The Greek Symposium

The Satirical Tradition
Varieties of Religious Experience in the Ancient Mediterranean
The World of Aristophanes (FOCUS Program)

The World of the Greek Theater (FOCUS Program)

   Summer courses taught in Italy:

City and Country in Ancient Italy

Continuity and Change: Pagan to Christian Rome

Rome: History of the City

Comparative Literature (Program in Literature)


Foundations of Western Literature: Homer to Dante

Theories of Tragedy


The Oedipus Myth in Ancient and Modern Literature


Theory and Practice of Literary Translation (workshop-seminar)

Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (Seminars)

Fiction and its Truths

Rome: The City and Its Gods (taught partly in Rome)
Greek Theater in its Historical Setting (taught partly in Greece)

Performing Passion, Reason and Community (co-taught with Dr. Donna Zapf)

Kenan Institute for Ethics

Co-director, Graduate Colloquium, 2004-7

Intercollegiate Center (Rome)

The Ancient City

Intermediate Greek

Advanced Greek: Plutarch’s Life of Antony

Professional Affiliations

American Philological Association

Classical Association of the Middle West and South

North Carolina Classical Association

Vergilian Society

Association of Literary Scholars, Critics, and Writers

Lyrica Society