Suggested Reading

Alier, Abel. Southern Sudan: Too Many Agreements Dishonoured. 1990 Exeter: Ithaca Press.

An-Na’im, Abdullahi and Peter Kok. Fundamentalism and Militarism: A Report on the Root Causes of Human Rights Violations in The Sudan. 1991 New York: The Fund for Peace.

Anti-Slavery International Is There Slavery in Sudan? 2001. London: Anti-Slavery International.

Baum, Gerhart Statement of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the Situation of Human Rights in Sudan Commission on Human Rights 58th Session, 2002.

CEAWC Awareness Raising Workshop (Summary Report). 15-16 May 2000. Sponsored by the Committee for the Eradication of the Abduction of Women and

Children, Save the Children United Kingdom, and the Government of West Kordofan State.

CEAWC Briefing about the Committee for the Eradication of Abduction of Women and Children May 1999-April 2002, (Dr. Ahmed el Mufti, Chairman).

Christian Aid The Scorched Earth: Oil and War in Sudan. 2001 Christian Aid.

Collins, Robert "The Nilotic Slave Trade: Past and Present" in Human Commodity, edited by Elizabeth Savage. London: Frank Cass.

Cunnison, Ian. Baggara Arabs: Power and Lineage in a Sudanese Nomad Tribe 1966 Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Daly, M. W. Imperial Sudan: The Anglo-Egyptian Condominium, 1934-1956. Cambridge: Cambridege University Press.

Daly, M. W. Empire on the Nile: The Anglo-Egyptian Sudanese 1898-1934. 1986 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Deng, Francis. War of Visions: Conflict of Identities in Sudan. 1995. Washington DC: Brookings Institution.

Duffield, Mark, Philip Winter, John Ryle, Jok Madut Jok, Fiona O’Reilly and David Keen. 2000. Sudan: The Unintended Effects of Aid. European Commission Humanitarian Office (ECHO).

Gagnon, Georgette and John Ryle. Investigation into Oil Development, Conflict and Displacement in Western Upper Nile, Sudan. 2001 Canadian Auto Workers Union, Steelworkers Humanity Fund, World Vision, Symons Foundation, Sudan Inter-Agency Reference Group (

Hill, Richard Egypt in the Sudan 1820-1881 London: Oxford University Press 1959.

Holt, Peter and M. W. Daly. A History of Sudan from the Coming of Islam to the Present Day. 1988 London: Longman.

Human Rights Watch Children of Sudan: Slaves, Street Children and Child Soldiers. 1995. Washington, DC: Human Rights Watch/ Africa.

Human Rights Watch Civilian Devastation: Abuses by All Parties in the War in South Sudan. 1994. Washington, DC: Human Rights Watch/ Africa.

Human Rights Watch Denying the Honor of Living: Sudan, A Human Rights Disaster. 1990. Washington, DC: Human Rights Watch/ Africa.

Johnson, Douglas H. The Root Causes of Sudan’s Civil Wars. Forthcoming 2002.

Jok, Jok Madut. War and Slavery in Sudan. 2001 Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Keen, David. The Benefits of Famine: A Political Economy of Famine and Relief in Southwestern Sudan, 1983-1989. 1994 Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Lienhardt, Godfrey Divinity and Experience: The Religion of the Dinka 1960 Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mahmud, Ushari and Suleyman Ali B Baldo Al Daien Massacre - Slavery in Sudan 1987: Khartoum.

O’Fahey, R.S. "Slavery and the Slave Trade in Dar Fur" Journal of African History 14:1 1973.

Prendergast, John et al. God, Oil and Country: Changing the Logic of War in Sudan. 2002 Brussels: International Crisis Group Press.

Rone, Jemera. Behind the Red Line: Political Repression in Sudan. 1996 Washington, DC: Human Rights Watch/ Africa.

Ryle, John and Kwaja Yai Kuol. Displaced Southern Sudanese in Northern Sudan. 1989 Save the Children Fund (SCF-UK).

Savage, E. The Human Commodity: Perspectives on the Trans-Saharan Slave Trade 1992 London: Frank Cass.

Segal, Ronald Islam’s Black Slaves. 2001. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux.

Sikainga, Ahmad Alawad Slaves into Workers: Emancipation and Labor in Colonial Sudan 1996 Austin: University of Texas.

UNICEF Progress Report to the European Economic Community on Support to Action Against the Abduction of Women and Children in Sudan. 2001. UNICEF: Khartoum.

US State Department Sudan Country Report on Human Rights Practices. March 4, 2002.

USAID/OFDA Briefing Book- Sudan Slavery and Forced Abduction Commission. February 2002.


Other Reading

The Harker Report:

Part 1:

Part 2:

Hiding Between the Streams, the war on civilians in the oil regions of southern Sudan /04.02, Christian Aid

The Sudan Peace Act

The Scorched Earth, Oil and war in Sudan; An eyewitness report by Christian Aid, 15 March, 2001

John Ryle & Georgette Gagnon, Report of an Investigation Into Oil Development, Conflict, and Displacement in Western Upper Nile, Sudan, October 2001

(Available on website:

Amnesty International, "Sudan---The Human Price of Oil"; London, May 3, 2000;

God, Oil and Country: Changing the Logic of war in Sudan,

Available from the International Crisis Group,

Vitrade Website:

Sudan Net:

Freedom Quest: