Antoine François Prévost
The English Philosopher
History of Mr. Cleveland,
natural son of Cromwell,
written by himself, and translated from the English by the author of the
Memoirs of a Man of Quality
Translated by Philip Stewart
© Philip Stewart 2002
Le Philosophe anglais, ou histoire de M. Cleveland, fils naturel de Cromwell (1731–1739), in Œuvres de Prévost (Presses Universitaires de Grenoble, 1977–1986), vol. 2. Numbers in square brackets in HTML text are page references keyed to this edition.
A chronology and annotation of the novel are round in vol. 8 of the same edition, pp. 81–186.
Page references in Prévost’s other novels are to the
Abbreviations used in notes:
MHQ Mémoires et aventures d’un homme de qualité
ML Mémoires du chevalier des Grieux et de Manon Lescaut
DK Le Doyen de Killerine
GM Histoire d’une Grecque moderne
Le Monde moral
HGV Histoire générale des voyages
PC Le Pour et contre, periodical directed by Prévost.
P.R. Jean Sgard, Prévost romancier, Paris: José Corti, 1968.
Prévost L’Abbé Prévost: actes du colloque d’Aix-en-Provence,
20–21 décembre 1963, Ophrys, 1965.
The English translation of the first two volumes of The Life of Mr. Cleveland, natural son of Oliver Cromwell, written hy himself – “In which is contained,” reported the Monthly Chronicle, “the private history of the Usurpation, hitherto unknown; together with many incidents of an uncommon and extraordinary nature” (1731, vol. IV, p. 81), was published in London in April 1731 by Nicolas Prévost and E. Symon. The next two volumes appeared sometime in 1732 under the sole name of Nicolas Prévost. T. Astley bought the rights after N. Prévost went bankrupt in November 1733, and reissued the four volumes under his own title page in 1734. In 1735 he added the apocryphal fifth volume the original of which had already appeared in Holland, and reissued all of these in 1741.
As a result, the real sequel to Cleveland, in three
volumes published in Paris in 1738-1739, has never been translated into
English. (For more details on the publication history, see Philip Stewart,
“Prévost et son Cleveland: essai de mise au point historique”,
Siècle nº 7 , pp. 181–208.)
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