Papers and Publications on the Diffusion of Competition Law and Policy
Economic Interdependence and International Institutions

Tim Büthe and Shahryar Minhas.  "The Global Diffusion of Competition Law: A Spatial Analysis of the International Spread of Pro-Market Policies."  Paper presented at the 6th Meeting of the Research Partnership Platform on Competition and Consumer Protection in the context of the 7th UN Conference to Review [the UN Principles and Rules on] Competition Policy, 10 July 2015.
Until 1990, antitrust or competition law was virtually entirely the domain of advanced capitalist democracies with strong rule-of-law traditions and professional public bureaucracies.  Since then, the number of jurisdictions with antitrust laws has grown rapidly, from some thirty to more than one-hundred-and-thirty today.  Most of the existing literature on this strikingly rapid diffusion has focused on the domestic conditions that are conducive to the adoption of such laws, such as political and economic liberalization.  Even the few papers that consider factors such as international trade or World Bank advocacy of antitrust law adoption, model the enactment of antitrust laws as an independent decision for each country.  Such models fail to capture causally important aspects of the way in which antitrust has diffused through the international political-economic system due to interdependencies between states.  To analyze the global diffusion of antitrust empirically, we use an original dataset on not only when states adopted antitrust laws but also their content.  This allows us to assess various mechanisms through which antitrust provisions diffuse across borders using an event history framework with spatial lags.








< page last updated 8 September 2015 >