Tactical asset allocation (TAA)
An asset allocation strategy that allows active departures from the normal asset mix based upon rigorous objective measures of value.
Tangible asset
An asset whose value depends on particular physical properties. These include reproducible assets such as buildings or machinery and non- reproducible assets such as land, a mine, or a work of art. Related: Intangible asset
Tax-exempt sector
The municipal bond market where state and local governments raise funds. Bonds issued in this sector are exempt from federal income taxes.
Technical analysts
Also called chartists or technicians, analysts who use mechanical rules to detect changes -in the supply of and demand for a stock and capitalize on the expected change.
Technical descriptors
In the model for calculating fundamental beta, ratios in the market variability risk index which rely on market-related data.
Related: Technical analysts
To offer for delivery against futures.
Term bonds
Often referred to as bullet-maturity bonds or simply bullet bonds, bonds whose principal is payable at maturity. Related: Serial bonds
Term life insurance
A contract that provides a death benefit but no cash build-up or investment component. The premium remains constant only for a specified term of years, and the policy is usually renewable at the end of each term.
Term repo
A repurchase agreement with a term of more than one day. term structure of interest rates The relationship between the yields on otherwise comparable securities with different maturities, often depicted as a yield curve.
Term to maturity
The time remaining on a bond's life, or the date on which the debt will cease to exist and the borrower will have completely paid off the amount borrowed.
Term trust
A closed-end fund that has a fixed termination or maturity date.
Theoretical futures price
Also called the fair price, the equilibrium futures price.
Theoretical spot rate curve
A curve derived from theoretical considerations as applied to the yields of actually traded Treasury debt securities because there are no zero-coupon Treasury debt issues with a maturity greater than one year. Like the yield curve, this is a graphical depiction of the term structure of interest rates.
Also called time decay, the ratio of the change in an option price to the decrease in time to expiration.
Three-phase DDM
A version of the dividend discount model which applies a different expected dividend rate depending on a company's life-cycle phase, growth phase, transition phase, or maturity phase.
Refers to change in price, either up or down. Related: Point
Tick-test rules
SEC-imposed restrictions on when a short sale may be executed, intended to prevent investors from destabilizing the price of a stock when the market price is falling. A short sale can be made only when either (1) the sale price of the particular stock is higher than the last trade price (referred to as an uptick trade) or (2) if there is no change in the last trade price of the particular stock, the previous trade price must be higher than the trade price that preceded it (referred to as a zero uptick).
Tilted portfolio
An indexing strategy that is linked to active management through the emphasis of a particular industry sector, selected performance factors such as earnings momentum, dividend yield, price-earnings ratio, or selected economic factors such as interest rates and inflation.
Time decay
Related: Theta
Time deposit
Related: Certificate of deposit
Time premium
Also called time value, the amount by which the option price exceeds its intrinsic value.
Time value of an option
Related: Time premium
Time value
The market value of an option minus its intrinsic value; that is, the difference between the option premium and the amount, if any, that the option is in-the-money. Related: In-the-Money
Time-weighted rate of return
Related: Geometric mean return
Timing option
For a Treasury bond or note futures contract, the seller's choice of when in the delivery month to deliver.
Top-down equity management style
A management style that begins with an assessment of the overall economic environment and makes a general asset allocation decision regarding various sectors of the financial markets and various industries. The top-down manager then selects a portfolio of individual securities within the favored sectors.
Total asset turnover
The ratio of net sales to total assets.
Total debt to equity ratio
A capitalization ratio comparing current liabilities plus long- term debt to shareholders' equity.
Total return
In performance measurement, the actual rate of return realized over some evaluation period. In fixed income analysis, the potential return that considers all three sources of return (coupon interest, interest on interest, and any capital gain/loss) over some investment horizon.
Tracking error
In an indexing strategy, the difference between the performance of the benchmark and the replicating portfolio.
Trade house
A firm which deals in actual commodities.
One of several related securities offered at the same time.
Trade date
In an interest rate swap, the date that the counterparties commit to the swap.
Transactions costs
Related: Round-trip transactions costs, Information costs, Search costs
Transition phase
A phase of development in which the company's earnings begin to mature and decelerate to the rate of growth of the economy as a whole. Related: Three-phase DDM
Related: Treasury securities
Treasury bills
Debt obligations of the U.S. Treasury that have maturities of one year or less.
Treasury bonds
Debt obligations of the U.S. Treasury that have maturities of 10 years or more.
Treasury notes
Debt obligations of the U.S. Treasury that have maturities of more than 2 years but less than 10 years.
Treasury securities
Securities issued by the U.S. Department of the Treasury.
The general direction of the market.
Treynor Index
A measure of the excess return per unit of risk, where excess return is defined as the difference between the portfolio's return and the risk-free rate of return over the same evaluation period and where the unit of risk is the portfolio's beta. Related: Sharpe Index
12b-i funds
Mutual funds that do not charge an upfront or back-end commission, but instead take out up to 1.25% of average daily fund assets each year to cover the costs of selling and marketing shares, an arrangement allowed by the SEC's Rule 12b- I (passed in 1980).
Two-factor model
Black's zero-beta version of the capital asset pricing model.
Two-fund separation theorem
The theoretical result that all investors will hold a combination of the risk-free asset and the market portfolio.

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