Foreign words / phrases and technical terms that I mention in class

Week For Mon. For Wed. For Fri.
1

08/30 - Introductions / Models
Shape of the Course, Lay of the Land

09/01 - Bronze Age

  • aretê: excellence, bravery, valor
  • biê: violent might
  • ergon: deed, work, action
  • kleos: renown, reputation, what is said and heard about a person
  • kudos: just reward for excellence
  • logos: word, argument, reason, logic
  • polis, -eis: city-state
  • timê: honor

  • Linear A, B
  • Indo-Europeans
  • Homeric Question
  • Dactylic hexameter

09/03 - Oral Poetry

  • agôn, -ones: : contest, competition, games
  • agora: : public center of a polis in and around which commerce, law, and religion took place
  • basileus, -eis: king: chieftain
  • boulê: council
  • xenia : guest-host relationshi

 

2

08/31 - Religion and Law
READ: Il. bks 1-4

  • Do ut des: Latin "I give so that you may give "
  • xenos, -oi: guest-host, foreigner

09/02 - What's in a Name?
READ: Il. 5-8

  • aristeia: that moment in epic when a hero is at his most shining
  • oikos, -oi: house, household

  • Suppliant

09/04 - Discussion
READ: BHAG ch. 2

3

09/07 - Material culture
READ: Il. 9-12

09/09 - Gods and Heroes.
READ: Il. 13-16

09/11 - Discussion
READ: BHAG ch. 3

  • aristos, -oi: the best; what entrenched elites call themselves
  • apoikia: colony
  • ethnos, -ê : (cf. polis): nation, a group not organized as a polis but as a constellation of loosely bound villages, towns and cities
  • dêmos: the people
  • genos, -ê: race
  • dêmos: the people
  • kakos, -oi: bad; opposite of aristoi or kaloi
  • kalos, -oi (cf. kakos): beautiful, excellent, noble
  • mêtropolis: mother city
  • oikistês, -ai: colonizer
  • oligoi: the few
  • oligarchia: rule by the few
  • hoi polloi: the many
  • proxenos, -oi: foreigner granted special civic entitlements
  • proxenia: institution of above
  • symposion, -a: drinking party
  • synoikismos: coalescence of multiple poleis into a single one, as at Athens
  • tyrannos, -oi: tyrant
  • tyrannis: tyranny

 

4

09/14 - Hammering out law.
READ: Il. 17-20

  • istôr (or histôr): judge in the scene in the 1st city on shield of Achilles
  • mantis: seer; performer of emergency religion
  • nomos, -oi: law, custom, at once what is done and what must be done; ta nomima: customs
  • stasis: internal faction, strife
  • temenos, -ê: sacred space or enclosure in which cult is performed

09/16 - Cooperative virtue and the polis
READ: Il. 21-24

09/18 - Literacy, Lyric, Anti-Epic
READ: Lattimore, Greek Lyrics

5

09/21 - Sparta; Change: Gradualism and Breaks
READ: AG ch. 4

  • apoikia: colony
  • aristos, -oi: "the best": what elites call themselves
  • ethnos, : (cf. polis): nation, a group not organized as a polis but as a constellation of loosely bound villages, towns and cities.
  • synoikismos: the coalescence of multiple poleis into a single one

  • gradualism
  • paradigm shift

 

09/23 - Historia
READ: Herodotus bk 1.1-94

  • historiê (or historia): enquiry, history; cf. (h)istôr above
  • aitia, -ai: cause
  • akleos: without kleos; Hdt. 1.1 says he writes history lest the deeds of men become such.

  • For my remarks on the first sentence of Herodotus, see this marked up version (you don't need to memorize this or anything; I just put it here in case you might find it helpful in some way).
  • some names: Croesus, Gyges, Lycurgus (Spartan), Pisistratus, the Pythia, Solon; b: Athens, Sparta, Delphi, Sardis.

 

09/25 - Discussion
READ: Hdt. 1.95-216

  • some names: Astyages, Cyaxares, Cyrus, Deioces, / peoples: Medes, Persians, Ionians, Aeolians, Carians, Caunians, Lycians, Massagetae
6

09/28 - Religion and Tragedy
READ: Hdt. 2.1-115

09/30 - Nomos and Physis
READ: Hdt. 2.116-3.60

  • nomos: law, custom, at once what is done and what must be done; as distinct from physis
  • physis: : nature, origin, natural form

10/02 - Discussion
READ: Hdt. 3.61-160
START: AG ch.5
FOR CLASS: unpack a passage from Hdt. (example)

7

10/05 - FALL BREAK

10/07 - Colonization and History
READ: Hdt. 4

  • syncretism: union or reconciliation of multiple ideas, phenomena, principles; characteristic of Greek religion (e.g. Greek Apollo = Egyptian Horus)

 

10/09 - Midterm Hourly

8

10/12 - Tyranny and Democracy
FINISH: AG ch.5

10/14 - Birth of Empire
READ: AG 6
READ: AG ch. 7,sel.

  • Pentekontaetia: roughly 50--yr pd. from end of Persian Wars to start of Peloponnesian War: Thuc. 1.89-119
  • mythôdes: Legend, fabulous tale, "romance" (Thuc. 1.22.4), "region of legend" (1.21.1)
  • Syngraphê: prose composition, what Thuc. calls his work; also means contract
  • Agônisma: contest, conflict, competition; Thuc. (1.22.4) says his work is not something that strives to win (an agônisma) ephemeral 1applause
  • Axiologôtatos: most worthy of logos
  • Ktêma: possession, property (see Thuc. 1.22.4); ktêma es aiei = "possession for all time"
  • Paraskeuê: preparation; material basis of power
  • Tekmêrion: proof, evidence
  • For my remarks on the first 2 sentences of Thuc., see this marked up version (you don't need to memorize this; I just put it here in case you might find it helpful in some way).

10/16 - Power and Preparedness
READ: Thuc. bk. 1

Outline

9

10/19 - Reason and Passion
READ: Thuc. 2.1-65, 70-79, 86-103

  • dêmosia (cf. idia): public things
  • gnômê (cf. orgê): careful planning, rational consideration
  • idia (cf. dêmosia): private things
  • logismos: calculation, reason, deployment of logos
  • orgê (cf. gnômê): anger, rage, passion, and attendant irrationality
  • stasis: internal, political upheaval; revolution, conflict
  • thymos: desire, passion, sometimes anger

  • annalistic: proceeding year by year

 

10/21 - Discourse and Justice
READ: Thuc. 3.1-85

  • adikon: unjust; (cf. dikê)
  • logos: word, argument, reason, logic (cf. ergon)
  • dêmos: people, sometimes with negative connotation: mob, crowd, commoners
  • dikê:justice, formal procedure of court case; to dikaion = "the just thing", i.e. justice
  • ergon: deed, work, action

  • demagogue

 

10/23 -
FOR CLASS: unpack a speech (or part of one, depending on length and difficulty) from Thuc. (example)

10

10/26 - Accident and fear, grasping at history
READ: Thuc. 4.1-23, 26-41, 46-48, 58-65, 117-123
READ: Paragraph summaries for all skipped paragraphs

10/28 - Dialogue and Peace
READ: Thuc. 5.1-26, 32, 40-50, 76-80, 84-116
READ: Paragraph summaries for all skipped paragraphs

10/30 - Religion and knowledge
READ: Thuc. 6 all

11

11/02 - New Persia
READ: Thuc. 7

11/04 -The 4th Century
READ: AG ch. 8, p. 310-28

11/06 - Killing Socrates
READ: Plato, Apology (Great Dialogues 423-446)

SECOND PAPER DUE

12

11/09 - Empire, Confederacy, and Republic
READ: Pl. Rep. bks 1-2

outline

11/11 - Literature and Order.
READ: Pl. Rep. 3-4

11/13 - Discussion
READ: AG ch. 9
READ: Pl. Rep. 5

13

11/16 - Women, Family and the Corruptibility of Reason.
READ: Pl. Rep. 6
READ: Lysias 1

11/18 - Cave, Gymnasium and the Corruptibility of States
READ: Pl. Rep. 7-8

11/20 - Kings, Tyrants, and Religion
READ: Pl. Rep. 9-10

14

11/23 - Field trip: meet in lobby of Perkins library at our normal time.

11/25 TGiving

11/27 TGiving

15

11/30 - Hellenism
READ: AG ch. 10-11

12/02 - New Sensibility

12/04 - Hellenism and Rome